Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms that can be caused by numerous conditions. Most often the cause is gastroenteritis — often termed "stomach flu," or the result of certain foods or medications. However, these signs may also indicate a serious digestive disorder or even life-threatening condition.


Seek immediate medical attention if nausea and vomiting are accompanied by:

  • Chest pain
  • Severe abdominal pain or cramping
  • Fainting or confusion
  • High fever and stiff neck

Ask someone to drive you to urgent care or an emergency room if:

  • Accompanied by pain or a severe headache
  • You're unable to eat or drink for 12 hours
  • Your vomit contains blood, resembles coffee grounds or is green

Make an appointment with your doctor if:

  • Vomiting lasts more than two days
  • You've had bouts of nausea and vomiting for longer than one month
  • You've experienced unexplained weight loss


Nausea and vomiting may occur separately or together. Common causes include:

  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu)
  • Food poisoning or allergies

Other possible causes of nausea and vomiting include:


A thorough evaluation by a physician will be needed to determine the underlying cause of severe or persistent nausea and/or vomiting. Treatment will depend on the diagnosis.




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